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Glossary

Genome

A living being’s complete set of DNA. Each genome has all of the information needed to build and maintain the living being.


genetic disease

A disease that is controlled by the genetic makeup of a living being.


gene

One of the basic building blocks of biological life, regulating an organism’s physical structure and how it functions. They usually do this is through the creation of specific proteins, important molecules that build and repair tissue. Often, when a gene is mutated, it no longer creates the protein it has instructions for, leading to any number of issues, including vision loss. A person’s entire set of genes—called their “genome”—is contained within each of their cells, and the information those genes encode gets passed to one’s offspring.


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